Hemifacial Spasm

Hemifacial Spasm Treatment in Orange County

Robert Louis, MD, treats Hemifacial SpasmHemifacial spasm is characterized by continuous involuntary twitching or contraction of muscles on one side of the face, which usually begins around the eye and spreads to the cheek and mouth. This condition is painless and cannot be controlled by any oral medications.

 

 

Hemifacial spasm can be caused by injury to the facial nerve, a tumor or a blood vessel compressing the nerve. The most common cause is compression of the facial nerve by the anterior inferior cerebellar artery at the point where it emanates from the brain stem. The compression causes the nerve to misfire making your facial muscles to contract or twitch. This condition is also related to trigeminal neuralgia—a condition arising from the fifth cranial nerve that causes severe facial pain.

Symptoms of hemifacial spasm include involuntary or irregular muscke contraction of one side of the face, starting from the ye moving down to the cheek and mouth.

Your Orange County neurosurgeon Robert Louis, MD will carefully review your medical history and perform a neurological exam. An MRI scan may be ordered to rule out other conditions such as a brain tumor, aneurysm, or AVM that may be causing facial nerve compression. Next, you may have an EMG study of the face.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): An MRI uses magnetic fields to produce detailed images of the body. A special dye called a contrast medium is injected into a patient’s vein before the scan to create a clearer picture.

Electromyogram (EMG): An EMG is often done along with a nerve conduction velocity (NCV) study to measure your muscle and nerve electrical activity.

There are no oral medications that can effectively stop or control hemifacial spasm. The only options are interventional when the symptoms progress to the point of being unacceptable to the patient. Minimally invasive keyhole approach for microvascular decompression (MVD) will allow your Orange County neurosurgeon Robert Louis, MD to move or separate the blood vessel and hold it away from the irritated nerve. MVD is performed using endoscopic retromastoid approach to create a small quarter-sized bony opening behind the ear.

Minimally Invasive Keyhole Approach
Robert Louis, MD performs this operation is performed through a quarter-sized bony opening using endoscopic techniques. This keyhole approach preserves the surrounding normal structures as best as possible. Depending on the nerve affected, various other therapies may be indicated. By incorporating cutting edge technology and instrumentation with proven surgical experience, we make surgery safer, less invasive and more effective. Learn more about cranial nerve disorders.

Robert Louis, MD specializes in minimally invasive removal of chordoma. Less invasive keyhole surgical approaches incorporates Dr. Louis’ experience and education with cutting edge technology and instrumentation.

Retomastoid Approach-Facial nerves and blood vessels may be approached directly using the Retromastoid Approach. Robert Louis, MD specializes in this state-of-the-art, minimally invasive keyhole approach in accessesing cranial nerves and blood vessels through a small bony opening behind the ear. This approach incorporates cutting edge technology and instrumentation with Dr. Louis surgical experience and training, making surgery safer, less invasive and more effective.Read more about Retromastoid Approach.

Robert Louis, MD, a fellowship-trained Orange County Neurosurgeon, is the Director of the Skull Base and Pituitary Tumor Program at Hoag Memorial Hospital in Orange County, California. Dr. Louis has particular expertise in endoscopic and minimally invasive treatment of benign and malignant brain tumors, sellar and parasellar tumors and skull base tumors.

Dr. Robert Louis specializes in minimally invasive brain surgery for the treatment of chordoma. For appointments, please call (949) 274-7336 or Contact Us.