Neurosurgery Research and Publications by
Orange County Neurosurgeon – Robert Louis, MD

Book Chapters

1. Louis RG, Pouratian N, Jane JA Jr: Endoscopic Approach for Pituitary Tumors, In: Lunsford LD (ed), Kassam AB and Gardner PA (series eds): Progress in Neurological Surgery, Volume 26, Endoscopic Approaches to the Skull Base. Karger, Basel, 2012, pp 60-75.
2. Louis RG, Tabbosha MN, Shaffrey ME. Medical Complications, In: Benzel E (Ed). Spine Surgery: Techniques and Complication Avoidance. Elsevier. 2012.
3. Williams BJ, Louis RG, Shaffrey ME. Surgical Complications, In Schiff D, Packer R (Eds). Neurologic Complications in Oncology. Wiley Blackwell. 2012.
4. Williams BJ, Louis RG, Shaffrey ME. General aspects of neurosurgery, In, Schiff D (Ed) Neuro-oncology. Wiley Blackwell. 2012
5. Louis RG, Dallapiazza R, Jane Jr JA. Tumors of the sellar region. In, Schiff D (Ed) Neuro-oncology. Wiley Blackwell. 2012.
6. Louis RG, Schmitt PJ, Payne S, Jane Jr JA. Transsphenoidal Surgery for Pituitary Tumors – How I Do It. In Becker and Castelnuevo (Eds) Atlas of surgery on the nose, paranasal sinuses and skull base. In Press.
7. Schmitt PJ, Louis RG, Payne S, Jane Jr JA. Pediatric Craniopharyngiomas. In Becker and Castelnuevo (Eds) Atlas of surgery on the nose, paranasal sinuses and skull base. In Press.
8. Payne S, Fishero BA, Barrett DM, Louis RG, Jane Jr JA. Sinonasal Surgery. In Singh, Payne and Wooworth (Eds) Surgical Techniques in Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery. JP Medical Publishing 2014
9. Louis RG, Barkhoudarian G, Kelly DF. Surgical Approaches – Complications of Surgical Management. In Kenning and Evans (Eds) Craniopharyngiomas: A Comprehensive Guide to Diagnosis, Treatment, and Outcome. 2014.

Journal Articles

Dallapiazza R, Bond AE, Grober Y, Louis RG, Payne SC, Oldfield EH, Jane JA Jr.Retrospective analysis of a concurrent series of microscopic versus endoscopic transsphenoidal surgeries for Knosp Grades 0-2 nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenomas at a single institution. J Neurosurg. 2014 Jul 4:1-7.

2: Louis RG Jr, Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Harvest of autologous clavipectoral fascia for use in duraplasty: cadaveric feasibility study. J Craniofac Surg. 2013 Mar;24(2):619-21.

3: Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Louis RG, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Chern JJ, Benninger B,Cohen-Gadol AA. The anterior atlantodental ligament: its anatomy and potential functional significance. World Neurosurg. 2012 May-Jun;77(5-6):775-7. Epub 2011 Nov 1. PubMed PMID: 22120239.

4: Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Song YB, Mortazavi M, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. External landmarks for identifying the drainage site of the vein of Labbé: application to neurosurgical procedures. Br J Neurosurg. 2012 Jun;26(3):383-5. Epub 2011 Nov 22. PubMed PMID: 22107258.

5: Louis RG Jr, Yen CP, Mohila CA, Mandell JW, Sheehan J. A rare intraosseous arteriovenous malformation of the spine. J Neurosurg Spine. 2011 Sep;15(3):336-9. Epub 2011 Jun 10. Review. PubMed PMID: 21663404.

6: Klaassen Z, Marshall E, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT, Loukas M. Anatomy of the ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves with observations of their spinal nerve contributions. Clin Anat. 2011 May;24(4):454-61. doi: 10.1002/ca.21098. Epub 2011 Jan 3. PubMed PMID: 21509811.

7: Attebery JE, Mayegga E, Louis RG, Chard R, Kinasha A, Ellegala DB. Initial audit of a basic and emergency neurosurgical training program in rural Tanzania. World Neurosurg. 2010 Apr;73(4):290-5. PubMed PMID: 20849781.

8: Loukas M, El-Zammar D, Tubbs RS, Apaydin N, Louis RG Jr, Wartman C, Shoja MM. A review of the T2 segment of the brachial plexus. Singapore Med J. 2010 Jun;51(6):464-7. Review. PubMed PMID: 20658104.

9: Louis RG, Schiff D, Shaffrey ME. The first reported localisation and resection of a brain tumour. Lancet Oncol. 2010 Mar;11(3):302. PubMed PMID: 20202615.

10: Tubbs RS, Stetler W, Louis RG Jr, Gupta AA, Loukas M, Kelly DR, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Surgical challenges associated with the morphology of the spinal accessory nerve in the posterior cervical triangle: functional or structural? J Neurosurg Spine. 2010 Jan;12(1):22-4. PubMed PMID: 20043759.

10: Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Apaydin N, Bartczak A, Huseng V, Alsaiegh N, Fudalej M. An endoscopic and anatomical approach to the septal papillary muscle of the conus. Surg Radiol Anat. 2009 Nov;31(9):701-6. Epub 2009 May 5. PubMed PMID: 19415160.

11: Loukas M, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, Apaydin N, Louis RG Jr, Easter L, Black B,Jordan R. The clinical anatomy of the sinutubular junction. Anat Sci Int. 2009 Apr;84(1-2):27-33. Epub 2009 Feb 18. PubMed PMID: 19224331.

12: Loukas M, Wartmann ChT, Tubbs RS, Apaydin N, Louis RG Jr, Gupta AA, Jordan R. Morphologic variation of the diaphragmatic crura: a correlation with pathologic processes of the esophageal hiatus? Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2008 Nov;67(4):273-9. PubMed PMID: 19085868.

13: Louis RG Jr, Loukas M, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, Apaydin N, Gupta AA, Spentzouris G, Ysique JR. Clinical anatomy of the mastoid and occipital emissary veins in a large series. Surg Radiol Anat. 2009 Feb;31(2):139-44. Epub 2008 Oct 31. PubMed PMID: 18974919.

14: Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT, Lott R, Chua GD, Kelly D, Palmer CA, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Oakes WJ. Histopathological basis for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg Spine. 2008 Apr;8(4):347-51. PubMed PMID: 18377320.

15: Loukas M, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, Apaydin N, Louis RG Jr, Black B, Jordan R. Right ventricular false tendons, a cadaveric approach. Surg Radiol Anat. 2008 Jun;30(4):317-22. Epub 2008 Feb 19. PubMed PMID: 18283389.

16: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, Turan-Ozdemir S, Kramer J. The clinical anatomy of the communications between the radial and ulnar nerves on the dorsal surface of the hand. Surg Radiol Anat. 2008 Mar;30(2):85-90. Epub 2008 Jan 24. PubMed PMID: 18217183.

17: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, Gupta AA, Apaydin N, Jordan R. An anatomic investigation of the serratus posterior superior and serratus posterior inferior muscles. Surg Radiol Anat. 2008 Mar;30(2):119-23. Epub 2008 Jan 15. PubMed PMID:
18196199.

18: Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Blount JP. Giant intracraniallipoma. Folia Neuropathol. 2007;45(4):247-9. PubMed PMID: 18176900.

19: Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Ardalan MR, Oakes WJ. Suprascapular nerve as a donor for extracranial facial nerve reanimation procedures: a cadaveric feasibility study. J Neurosurg. 2008 Jan;108(1):145-8. PubMed PMID: 18173324.

20: Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Apaydin N, Oakes WJ. The velum interpositum revisited and redefined. Surg Radiol Anat. 2008 Mar;30(2):131-5. Epub 2007 Dec 20. PubMed PMID: 18094919.

21: Loukas M, Grabska J, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr. An unusual union of the intercostobrachial nerve and the medial pectoral nerve. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2007 Nov;66(4):356-9. PubMed PMID: 18058761.

22: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Tubbs RS, Wartmann C, Colborn GL. Intra-abdominallaparoscopic pudendal canal decompression – a feasibility study. Surg Endosc. 2008 Jun;22(6):1525-32. Epub 2007 Nov 20. PubMed PMID: 18030525.

23: Tubbs RS, Wartmann CT, Louis RG Jr, Shoja MM, Cormier J, Loukas M. Use of the scapular spine in lumbar fusion procedures: cadaveric feasibility study. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg Spine. 2007 Nov;7(5):554-7. PubMed PMID: 17977199.

24: Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Loukas M, Gupta AA, Shoja MM, Oakes J. The first description of the palmaris brevis muscle. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2007 Aug;32(4):382-3. Epub 2007 Jun 13. PubMed PMID: 17950193.

25: Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Wartmann CT, Louis RG Jr. Comment on “Superficial palmar communications between the ulnar and median nerves in Turkish cadavers”. Clin Anat. 2007 Oct;20(7):849-50. PubMed PMID: 17708563.

26: Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Shoja MM, Acakpo-Satchivi L, Blount JP, Salter EG, Oakes WJ, Wellons JC 3rd. Anatomy of the falcine venous plexus. J Neurosurg. 2007 Jul;107(1):155-7. PubMed PMID: 17639885.

27: Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT, Cormier JL, Pearson BE, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ. Use of the clavicle in anterior cervical discectomy/corpectomy fusion procedures: cadaveric feasibility study. Childs Nerv Syst. 2008 Mar;24(3):337-41. Epub 2007 Jul 18. PubMed PMID: 17639418.

28: Loukas M, Thorsell A, Tubbs RS, Kapos T, Louis RG Jr, Vulis M, Hage R, Jordan R. The ansa cervicalis revisited. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2007 May;66(2):120-5. PubMed PMID: 17594670.

29: Loukas M, Wartmann CT, Louis RG Jr, Tubbs RS, Ona M, Curry B, Jordan R, Colborn GL. The clinical anatomy of the posterior gastric artery revisited. Surg Radiol Anat. 2007 Jul;29(5):361-6. Epub 2007 Jun 12. PubMed PMID: 17563830.

30: Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Shoja MM, Askew CS, Phantana-Angkool A, Salter EG, Oakes WJ. Surgical anatomy and landmarks for the basal vein of rosenthal. J Neurosurg. 2007 May;106(5):900-2. PubMed PMID: 17542537.

31: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Stewart L, Hallner B, DeLuca T, Morgan W, Shah R, Mlejnek J. The surgical anatomy of ulnar and median nerve communications in the palmar surface of the hand. J Neurosurg. 2007 May;106(5):887-93. PubMed PMID:17542535.

32: Loukas M, Tobola MS, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Karapidis M, Khan I, Spentzouris G, Linganna S, Curry B. The clinical anatomy of the internal thoracic veins. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2007 Feb;66(1):25-32. PubMed PMID: 17533591.

33: Blount JP, Louis RG Jr, Tubbs RS, Grant JH. Pansynostosis: a review. Childs Nerv Syst. 2007 Oct;23(10):1103-9. Epub 2007 May 8. Review. PubMed PMID: 17486351.

34: Loukas M, Wartmann CT, Louis RG Jr, Tubbs RS, Salter EG, Gupta AA, Curry B. Cisterna chyli: a detailed anatomic investigation. Clin Anat. 2007 Aug;20(6):683-8. PubMed PMID: 17415746.

35: Tubbs RS, Hansasuta A, Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Shoja MM, Salter EG, Oakes WJ.The basilar venous plexus. Clin Anat. 2007 Oct;20(7):755-9. PubMed PMID: 17415743.

36: Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Pinyard J, Vaid S, Curry B. The cardiovascular system in the pre-Hippocratic era. Int J Cardiol. 2007 Aug 21;120(2):145-9. Epub 2007 Feb 20. PubMed PMID: 17316844.

37: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT. T2 contributions to the brachial plexus.Neurosurgery. 2007 Feb;60(2 Suppl 1):ONS13-8; discussion ONS18. PubMed PMID: 17297361.

38: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, Esmaeili E, Bagenholm AC, Merbs W, Curry B, Jordan R. Superior phrenic artery: an anatomic study. Surg Radiol Anat. 2007 Feb;29(1):97-102. Epub 2006 Dec 20. PubMed PMID: 17180633.

39: Loukas M, El-Sedfy A, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CH, Curry B, Jordan R.Identification of greater occipital nerve landmarks for the treatment of occipital neuralgia. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2006 Nov;65(4):337-42. PubMed PMID: 17171613.

40: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT. The cutaneous innervation of the dorsal hand: Detailed anatomy with clinical implications. J Hand Surg Am. 2006 Dec;31(10):1699-700. PubMed PMID: 17145397.

41: Tubbs RS, Hansasuta A, Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Shoja MM, Salter EG, Oakes WJ. Branches of the petrous and cavernous segments of the internal carotid artery. Clin Anat. 2007 Aug;20(6):596-601. Review. PubMed PMID: 17072872.

42: Loukas M, Kinsella CR Jr, Louis RG Jr, Gandhi S, Curry B. Surgical anatomy of the accessory phrenic nerve. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Nov;82(5):1870-5. PubMed PMID: 17062263.

43: Loukas M, Fergurson A, Louis RG Jr, Colborn GL. Multiple variations of the hepatobiliary vasculature including double cystic arteries, accessory left hepatic artery and hepatosplenic trunk: a case report. Surg Radiol Anat. 2006 Oct;28(5):525-8. Epub 2006 Sep 28. PubMed PMID: 17006621.

44: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT. Superficial lateral thoracic artery. Ann Plast Surg. 2006 Oct;57(4):475-6; author reply 476-7. PubMed PMID: 16998347.

45: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Gaspard J, Fudalej M, Tubbs RS, Merbs W. A retrotracheal right subclavian artery in association with a vertebral artery and thyroidea ima. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2006 Aug;65(3):236-41. PubMed PMID: 16988923.

46: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Merbs W. A case of atypical insertion of the levator scapulae. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2006 Aug;65(3):232-5. PubMed PMID: 16988922.

47: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Jordan R. Comment on “a new device for cricothyroidotomy”. Clin Anat. 2006 Oct;19(7):681. PubMed PMID: 16964605.

48: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Black B, Pham D, Fudalej M, Sharkees M. False tendons: an endoscopic cadaveric approach. Clin Anat. 2007 Mar;20(2):163-9. PubMed PMID: 16944521.

49: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, South G, Alsheik E, Christopherson C. A case of an accessory brachialis muscle. Clin Anat. 2006 Sep;19(6):550-3. PubMed PMID: 16917824.

50: Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Curry B. Pseudoaneurysm of the membranous septum, case report and review of the literature. Surg Radiol Anat. 2006 Dec;28(6):564-8. Epub 2006 Aug 12. PubMed PMID: 16906358.

51: Loukas M, Curry B, Bowers M, Louis RG Jr, Bartczak A, Kiedrowski M, Kamionek M, Fudalej M, Wagner T. The relationship of myocardial bridges to coronary artery dominance in the adult human heart. J Anat. 2006 Jul;209(1):43-50. PubMed PMID: 16822268; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2100301.

52: Loukas M, South G, Louis RG Jr, Fogg QA, Davis T. A case of an anomalous pectoralis major muscle. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2006 Feb;65(1):100-3. PubMed PMID: 16783751.

53: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Van der Wall B, Hallner B, Tucker JJ, Esguerra F, Colborn GL. Iliolumbar membrane, a newly recognised structure in the back. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2006 Feb;65(1):15-21. PubMed PMID: 16783730.

54: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Fitzsimmons J, Colborn G. The surgical anatomy of the ansa pectoralis. Clin Anat. 2006 Nov;19(8):685-93. PubMed PMID: 16583423.

55: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Fogg QA, Hallner B, Gupta AA. An unusual innervation of pectoralis minor and major muscles from a branch of the intercostobrachial nerve. Clin Anat. 2006 May;19(4):347-9. PubMed PMID: 16570291.

56: Loukas M, Hullett J, Louis RG Jr, Kapos T, Knight J, Nagy R, Marycz D. A detailed observation of variations of the facial artery, with emphasis on the superior labial artery. Surg Radiol Anat. 2006 Jun;28(3):316-24. Epub 2006 Mar 18. PubMed PMID: 16547605.

57: Loukas M, Kapos T, Louis RG Jr, Wartman C, Jones A, Hallner B. Gross anatomical, CT and MRI analyses of the buccal fat pad with special emphasis on volumetric variations. Surg Radiol Anat. 2006 Jun;28(3):254-60. Epub 2006 Mar 10. PubMed PMID: 16528468.

58: Loukas M, Hullett J, Louis RG Jr, Holdman S, Holdman D. The gross anatomy of the extrathoracic course of the intercostobrachial nerve. Clin Anat. 2006 Mar;19(2):106-11. PubMed PMID: 16470542.

59: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Hallner B, Gupta AA, White D. Anatomical and surgical considerations of the sacrotuberous ligament and its relevance in pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome. Surg Radiol Anat. 2006 May;28(2):163-9. Epub 2006 Feb 7.PubMed PMID: 16463079.

60: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Childs RS. Anatomical examination of the recurrent artery of Heubner. Clin Anat. 2006 Jan;19(1):25-31. PubMed PMID: 16287124.

61: Loukas M, Louis RG, Kapos T, Kwiatkowska M. A case of a bilateral accessory digastric muscle. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2005 Aug;64(3):233-6. PubMed PMID: 16228962.

62: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Hullett J, Loiacano M, Skidd P, Wagner T. An anatomical classification of the variations of the inferior phrenic vein. Surg Radiol Anat. 2005 Dec;27(6):566-74. Epub 2005 Sep 20. PubMed PMID: 16172871.

63: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Almond J, Armstrong T. A case of an anomalous radial artery arising from the thoracoacromial trunk. Surg Radiol Anat. 2005 Dec;27(5):463-6. Epub 2005 Aug 27. PubMed PMID: 16132193.

64: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Kwiatkowska M. Chondroepitrochlearis muscle, a case report and a suggested revision of the current nomenclature. Surg Radiol Anat. 2005 Nov;27(4):354-6. Epub 2005 Nov 9. PubMed PMID: 15912263.

65: Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Cruz GS. A case of an anomalous cricothyroid artery. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2004 Aug;63(3):359-62. PubMed PMID: 15478117.

Presentations at Scientific Meetings

1. Marios Loukas Robert G. Louis Jr & Joel Hullet. The anatomy of the inferior phrenic veins Clinical Anatomy Clinical Anatomy 17;7;595, 2004

2. Marios Loukas, Shagun Arora, Robert G Louis Jr, Quentin A Fogg, Teresa Wagner. The clinical anatomy of the sinutubular ridge. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy. 27; SI61, 2005

3. Marios Loukas, Robert G Louis Jr. A newly discovered endoscopic surgical procedure for the release of the pudendal nerve. Clinical Anatomy, 18:630, 2005

4. Robert G. Louis Jr, John Fitzsimmons, Gene Colborn, Marios Loukas. Re-defining the surgical anatomy of the Medial and Lateral Pectoral nerve for use in neurotization procedures. Clinical Anatomy, 18:630, 2005

5. Christopher Wartmann, Robert G Louis Jr, Marios Loukas. Cysterna Chyli, a detailed anatomical look. Clinical Anatomy, 18:644, 2005

6. Barry Hallner, Robert G Louis Jr., Marios Loukas. Mapping the nerve to the Levator Ani and its relevance in pelvic floor abnormalities. Clinical Anatomy, 18:626, 2005

7. Shagun Arora, Robert G Louis Jr, Marios Loukas. Ultrasonographic imaging of the Sinotubular ridge may provide early insight into the development of atherosclerosis in human aorta. Clinical Anatomy, 18:618-619, 2005

8. Chang Cameron, Chen Roger, Robert G Louis Jr, Marios Loukas. Space of Bogros and Space of Retzius, is there a communication? Clinical Anatomy, 18:620-621, 2005
Augustine Flores, Lucas McArthur, Robert G. Louis, William Merbes, Brian Curry, Marios Loukas. Sural-tibial and suralfibular communications. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:750.

9. Karen Leong, Theodoros Kapos, Robert G. Louis Jr, Robert Jordan, Brian Curry, Marios Loukas.The clinical anatomy of the pterygopalatine ganglion. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:756

10. Robert G Louis Jr, Marios Loukas. The clinical anatomy of the phrenic ganglion. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:756

11. Marios Loukas, Robert G. Louis Jr, Marek Dabrowski, Mirek Kiedrowski, Artur Bartzak, Michal Kamionek, Martin J. Fudalej, Teresa Wagner. The clinical anatomy of the coronary collateral arteries. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:757

12. Julie Rosenthal, Robert G. Louis Jr, Brandie, Black, Brian Curry, Marios Loukas. The medial papillary muscle complex: An endoscopic cadaveric approach. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:761.

13. Vaid Sumreen, Robert G. Louis Jr, Brandie Black, Brian Curry, Marios Loukas. The clinical anatomy of the moderator band: An endoscopic and cadaveric approach. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:764.

14. Russel Tabak, Rodion Hunte, Robert G. Louis Jr, Brandie Black, Brian Curry, Marios Loukas. ‘‘High takeoff coronary arteries’’: An endoscopic, angiographic and cadaveric approach. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:764.-765.

15. Ashley, Thorsell, Robert G. Louis, Brian Curry, Marios Loukas. The clinical anatomy of the ansa cervicalis. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:765.

16. Christopher Wartmann, Robert G. Louis Jr, Marios Loukas. T2 contributions to the brachial plexus. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:766.

17. Christopher Wartmann, Robert G. Louis Jr. Ehsan Esmaeili, Allyson C. Bagenholm, Marios Loukas. The clinical anatomy of the superior phrenic artery. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:766.

18. Jessica Kramer, Robert G. Louis, Brian Curry, Marios Loukas. The surgical anatomy of radial and ulnar nerve communications in the dorsal surface of the hand. Clinical Anatomy 2006, 19:755.

19. Louis RG, Sherman JH, Saulle D, Pouratian N, Elias WJ. Imaging Characteristics of Oligodendrogliomas in Tumor Related Epilepsy. 2009. Presented in digital poster format at AANS Annual Meeting San Diego, CA May 5, 2009.

20. Louis RG, Shaffrey ME. Performance of the TM-100 Cervical Fusion Device in a Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial. Presented as Oral Platform presentation at AANS/CNS Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, Orlando FL, February, 2010.

21. Louis RG, Shaffrey ME, Schiff D. Historical Perspective: Review and Commentary on the First Reported Case of Localization and Resection of a Brain Tumor. Presented in digital poster format at the CNS Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, October 2010.

22. Louis RG, Loukas M, Elias WJ. Intercostal to long thoracic nerve transfer for the treatment of winged scapula. Presented at the AANS/CNS Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves Annual Meeting, Phoenix